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[灌水]人类的55个美德
55 VIRTUES (55个美德)

1Assertiveness 自尊
Being assertive means being positive and confident. You are aware that you are a worthy person with your own special gifts. You think for yourself and express your own ideas. You know what you stand for and what you won""""t stand for. You expect respect..
自尊意味着积极的心态和信心。你明白自己是一个有价值的人,具备自己所特有的天赋。你能够为自己着想,并能够表达自己的想法。你知道自己支持什么,也知道自己不支持什么。你期待应得的尊重……

2Caring 关怀
Caring is giving love and attention to people and things that matter to you. When you care about people, you help them. You do a careful job, giving your very best effort. You treat people and things gently and respectfully. Caring makes the world a safer place..
关怀是将爱和关注给予那些你所在乎的人和事。当你关心人的时候,你会帮助他们。具备关怀的美德,你做事会更仔细,更尽力。你会以温和及尊重的方式对待人和事。关怀使世界成为一个更安全的地方……

3Cleanliness 清洁
Cleanliness means washing often, keeping your body clean, and wearing clean clothes. It is putting into your body and your mind only the things that keep you healthy. It is staying free from harmful drugs. It is cleaning up mistakes and making a fresh start..
清洁意味着你经常清洗,保持身体清洁,穿清洁的衣服。使你的身体和头脑处于健康状态。远离毒品。清理错误,重新做起……

4Commitment 承诺
Commitment is caring deeply about something or someone. It is deciding carefully what you want to do, then giving it 100%, holding nothing back. You give your all to a friendship, a task, or something you believe in. You finish what you start. You keep your promises..
承诺就是十分关心某件事,或某个人。谨慎地决定你想做什么,然后100%地付之实施,没有什么可以拦住你。你毫无保留地将自己投入到友谊、任务或你深信的事务中。你自始至终,绝不虎头蛇尾。你遵守你的诺言……

5Compassion 同情心
Compassion is understanding and caring when someone is hurt or troubled, even if you don""""t know them. It is wanting to help, even if all you can do is listen and say kind words. You forgive mistakes. You are a friend when someone needs a friend..
同情心就是当某个人受到伤害,或遇到麻烦的时候,即使你不认识他们,你也能表示同情和关心。即使你全部所能做的只是聆听和说些宽慰的话,你也要表示出愿意帮助的意愿。你原谅错误。当某个人需要友谊的时候,你就会是他(她)的朋友……

6Confidence 信心
Confidence is having faith in someone. Self-confidence is trusting that you have what it takes to handle whatever happens. You feel sure of yourself and enjoy trying new things, without letting doubts or fears hold you back. When you have confidence in others, you rely on them..
信心就是对某人有信心。自信心就是相信你有能力处理好将要发生的任何事。你脚踏实地信心满满,喜欢尝试新事物,不让怀疑和恐惧影响你。当你对其他人有信心的时候,你信赖他们……

7Consideration 考虑周到
Consideration is being thoughtful of other people and their feelings. You consider how your actions affect them. You pay careful attention to what others like and don""""t like, and do things that give them happiness..
考虑周到就是考虑体贴别人和他们的感情。你会考虑你的行动如何影响别人。你十分注意别人喜欢什么,不喜欢什么,你做让别人高兴的事情……

8Cooperation 合作精神
Cooperation is working together and sharing the load. When we cooperate, we join with others to do things that cannot be done alone. We are willing to follow the rules which keep everyone safe and happy. Together we can accomplish great things..
合作精神就是共同工作,分担负担。当我们合作的时候,我们与其他人联合去完成一个人不能独自完成的事情。我们愿意遵守规则使得每个人都安全和高兴。通过合作我们能完成伟大的事业……

9Courage 勇气
Courage is bravery in the face of fear. You do the right thing even when it is hard or scary. When you are courageous, you don""""t give up. You try new things. You admit mistakes. Courage is the strength in your heart..
勇气是面对恐惧的胆量。即使事情艰难,或令人恐慌,你也能做正确的事情。当你有勇气的时候,你不会放弃。你尝试新事物。你承认错误。勇气是在你内心深处的胆量……

10Courtesy 礼貌
Courtesy is being polite and having good manners. When you speak and act courteously, you give others a feeling of being valued and respected. Greet people pleasantly. Bring courtesy home. Your family needs it most of all. Courtesy helps life to go smoothly..
礼貌就是有礼节,举止文雅。当你说话和举止有礼貌的时候,你给别人的感觉是他们得到了你的重视和尊敬。和蔼地问候别人。把礼貌带回家。你的家人是最需要你的礼貌的。礼貌能帮助人生顺利前行……

11Creativity 创造力
Creativity is the power of imagination. It is discovering your own special talents. Dare to see things in new ways and find different ways to solve problems. With your creativity, you can bring something new into the world..
创造力是想象的力量。它能够发展你自己特殊的才能。敢于用新的方式看待事物,发现不同的方法解决问题。运用你的创造力,你能够给世界带来新事物……

12Detachment 超然
Detachment is experiencing your feelings without allowing your feelings to control you. Instead of just reacting, with detachment you are free to choose how you will act. You use thinking and feeling together, so you can make smart choices..
超然就是感受你的情感,但不让你的情感控制你。有了超然的能力,你就可以自由选择你要采取的行动,而不是仅仅做出反应。你同时运用思考和感受的能力,所以你能够做出聪明的选择……

13Determination 决心
You focus your energy and efforts on a task and stick with it until it is finished. Determination is using your will power to do something when it isn""""t easy. You are determined to meet your goals even when it is hard or you are being tested. With determination we make our dreams come true..
决心意味着你全身心地投入到一份工作当中,直到完成。决心就是当事情不容易不顺利的时候,你用坚定的意志的力量也要完成它。即使困难重重,或者你正经受考验,你也会决心实现你的目标。具备决心的美德我们就能梦想成真……

14Diligence 勤奋
Diligence is working hard and doing your absolute best. You take special care by doing things step by step. Diligence helps you to get things done with excellence and enthusiasm. Diligence leads to success..
勤奋意味着你工作努力,全力以赴。你小心翼翼按部就班地做事情。勤奋帮助你出色地、满腔热情地完成任务。勤奋使人成功……

15Enthusiasm 热情
Enthusiasm is being cheerful, happy, and full of spirit. It is doing something wholeheartedly and eagerly. When you are enthusiastic, you have a positive attitude. Enthusiasm is being inspired..
热情就是外表快乐,内心愉悦,精力充沛。就是全心全意热情地做好一件事情。当你充满热情的时候,你会有正面积极的态度。热情就是处在被激发的状态……

16Excellence 优秀
Excellence is doing your best, giving careful attention to every task and every relationship. Excellence is effort guided by a noble purpose. It is a desire for perfection. The perfection of a seed comes in the fruit. When you practice excellence, you bring your gifts to fruition. Excellence is the key to success..
优秀就是做到你的最好,对每件工作、每个人际关系都给予细心的关注。优秀是在高尚目标指导下的努力。是对完美的追求。种子的完美成就于它的果实。当你做到优秀时,你就让你的天赋结出了果实。优秀是成功的关键……

17Flexibility 灵活性
Flexibility is being open to change. You consider others"""" ideas and feelings and don""""t insist on your own way. Flexibility gives you creative new ways to get things done. You get rid of bad habits and learn new ones. Flexibility helps you to keep changing for the better..
灵活性就是用开放的态度面对变化。你考虑他人的想法和感受,而不是总固执己见。灵活性让你用创新的方式达到目的。你放弃不好的陋习,学习新事物。灵活性帮助你变得更好……

18Forgiveness 原谅
Being forgiving is giving someone another chance after they have done something wrong. Everyone makes mistakes. Instead of revenge, make amends. Forgive yourself too. Instead of feeling hopeless after a mistake, decide to act differently, and have faith that you can change..
原谅就是当别人做了错事以后,再给他一次机会。每个人都会犯错。与其报复,不如弥补。也要能够原谅你自己。与其在犯错误之后陷入绝望,不如下决心改过自新,亡羊补牢,犹未为晚,相信自己可以改变……

19Friendliness 友谊
Friendliness is being a friend, through good times and bad. You take an interest in other people and make them feel welcome. You share your belongings, your time and yourself. Friendliness is the best cure for loneliness..
友谊就是不论在顺境和还是在逆境中始终是那个人的朋友。你对别人感兴趣并让他们感到自己受欢迎。你与他们分享你的物品,你的时间,还有你自己。友谊是治愈孤独的最好的良药……

20Generosity 慷慨
Generosity is giving and sharing. You share freely, not with the idea of receiving something in return. You find ways to give others happiness, and give just for the joy of giving. Generosity is one of the best ways to show love and friendship..
慷慨就是给予和分享。你慷慨地分享,并不期望获得回报。你找到某种方式来给予他人快乐,而且你的给予只是为了享受给予的快乐。慷慨是表达爱和友谊的最好方式之一……

21Gentleness 温和
Gentleness is moving wisely, touching softly, holding carefully, speaking quietly and thinking kindly. When you feel mad or hurt, use your self-control. Instead of harming someone, talk things out peacefully. You are making the world a safer, gentler place..
温和就是聪明地移动,轻柔地触摸,小心地把握,安静地说话,以及善良地思考。当你感到生气或受伤的时候,运用你的自我控制能力。与其伤害别人,不如把事情平静地说出来。这样,你可以让世界成为一个更安全、更温和的地方……

22Helpfulness 愿意帮助
Helpfulness is being of service to others, doing thoughtful things that make a difference in their lives. Offer your help without waiting to be asked. Ask for help when you need it. When we help each other, we get more done. We make our lives easier..
愿意帮助就是愿意为他人服务,为别人着想,使自己做的事情能改善别人的生活。你提供帮助不必等到别人来求你。你也会在你自己需要帮助的时候请求别人来帮助你。当我们互相帮助的时候,我们能够完成更多的目标。互相帮助也让我们的生活更加从容……

23Honesty 诚实
Honesty is being truthful and sincere. It is important because it builds trust. When people are honest, they can be relied on not to lie, cheat or steal. Being honest means that you accept yourself as you are. When you are open and trustworthy, others can believe in you..
诚实就是真实和真诚。诚实之所以重要,是因为它能够建立信任。诚实的人是可以信赖的人,他们不会说谎、欺骗、或偷窃。做一个诚实的人意味着你要接受真实的自己。只有当你是坦率而值得信赖的时候,人们才能信任你……

24Honor荣誉感
Honor is living by the virtues, showing great respect for yourself, other people, and the rules you live by. When you are honorable, you keep your word. You do the right thing regardless of what others are doing. Honor is a path of integrity..
具备荣誉感就是在生命中实践美德,对自己、对他人、以及对自己生活中的原则都表现出高度的尊重。一个具有荣誉感的人会信守承诺。无论别人做什么,你都会做正确的事。荣誉感是走向正直的通道……

25Humility 谦逊
Being humble is considering others as important as yourself. You are thoughtful of their needs and willing to be of service. You don""""t expect others or yourself to be perfect. You learn from your mistakes. When you do great things, humility reminds you to be thankful instead of boastful..
谦逊就是认为别人和你自己一样重要。你会考虑别人的需要,并愿意提供服务。你不期待别人或你自己是完美的。你从过错中学习。当你做了伟大的事业的时候,谦逊提醒你心存感激,而不是自吹自擂……

26Idealism 理想主义
When you have ideals, you really care about what is right and meaningful in life. You follow your beliefs. You don""""t just accept things the way they are. You make a difference. Idealists dare to have big dreams and then act as if they are possible..
当你拥有理想的时候,你会真正关心生命中什么才是正确的和有意义的。你追随你的理想,并不仅仅只接受事物目前的状况。你促成改变。理想主义者敢于拥有宏大的梦想,并且相信这个梦想可能实现……

27Integrity 正直
Integrity is living by your highest values. It is being honest and sincere. Integrity helps you to listen to your conscience, to do the right thing, and to tell the truth. You act with integrity when your words and actions match. Integrity gives you self-respect and a peaceful heart..
正直就是以你高尚的价值观生活。正直就是诚实和真诚。正直帮助你聆听你的内心的良知,做正确的事情,讲实话。当你言行一致的时候,你的表现就完美了。正直能带给你自尊和一个平和的心态……

28Joyfulness 内心的喜乐
Joyfulness is an inner sense of peace and happiness. You appreciate the gifts each day brings. Without joyfulness, when the fun stops, our happiness stops. Joy can carry us through the hard times even when we are feeling very sad. Joy gives us wings..
内心的喜乐是内心的安宁和幸福的感觉。你感激每天得到的收获。如果没有内心的喜乐,当外在的乐趣没有了,我们的幸福也就没有了。内心的喜乐可以帮助我们度过艰难的时期,甚至是当我们感觉悲伤的时候。内心的喜乐给了我们会飞的翅膀……

29Justice 正义
Practicing justice is being fair. It is solving problems so everyone wins. You don""""t prejudge. You see people as individuals. You don""""t accept it when someone acts like a bully, cheats or lies. Being a champion for justice takes courage. Sometimes when you stand for justice, you stand alone..
具有正义感就是行事公正。就是用多赢的方式解决问题。你不存偏见。你将每个人都看作独立的个体。你不接受恃强凌弱、欺骗或谎言。作为正义的拥护者需要勇气。有时候,当你主持正义的时候,你是孤独的……

30Kindness 善良
Kindness is showing you care, doing some good to make life better for others. Be thoughtful about people""""s needs. Show love and compassion to someone who is sad or needs your help. When you are tempted to be cruel, to criticize or tease, decide to be kind instead..
善良就是表示你关怀,为了改善别人的生活而做好事。考虑别人的需求。对悲伤或需要你帮助的人表现出你的爱和同情心。当你被激得想要对别人持冷酷的态度,想要非难、或戏弄他人的时候,能够最后决定选择用友善的态度对待他们……

31Love 爱
Love is a special feeling that fills your heart. You show love in a smile, a kind word, a thoughtful act or a hug. Love is treating people and things with care and kindness because they mean so much to you. Love is contagious. It keeps spreading..
爱是充满你心中的一种特殊的情感。你用微笑、友善的言语、体贴的行为、或者一个拥抱来表达你的爱。爱就是用关怀和善良对待人和事,因为你在乎他们。爱是有感染力的,它会不断传播蔓延……

32Mercy 仁慈
Blessing others with our compassion and forgiveness. Extending our tenderness beyond what is just or deserved..
仁慈就是用我们的同情和宽容祝福他人。仁慈就是让我们的温暖超越公平或报应……

33Loyalty 忠诚
Loyalty is staying true to someone. It is standing up for something you believe in without wavering. It is being faithful to your family, country, school, friends or ideals, when the going gets tough as well as when things are good. With loyalty, you build relationships that last forever..
忠诚就是忠实于某个人,就是不动摇地支持拥护你所相信的事物。忠诚就是不论在顺境还是逆境中,始终忠实于你的家庭,国家,学校,朋友,或理想。依靠忠诚你可以建立起长久的人际关系……

34Moderation 节制
Moderation is creating a healthy balance in your life between work and play, rest and exercise. You don""""t overdo or get swept away by the things you like. You use your self-discipline to take charge of your life and your time..
节制就是在你的生活中,建立工作和玩乐之间、及休息和锻炼之间的健康平衡。你不会过度沉迷于自己所喜欢的事情。你用自我约束把握自己的生活和时间……

35Modesty 质朴稳重
Modesty is having self-respect. When you value yourself with quiet pride, you accept praise with humility and gratitude. Modesty is being comfortable with yourself and setting healthy boundaries about your body and your privacy..
质朴稳重就是拥有自尊。当你平静地珍视你自己时,你会用谦逊和感谢接受表扬。质朴稳重就是让自己感到自然舒服,为自己的身体和隐私设立有益的界限……

36Orderliness 条理性
Orderliness is being neat and living with a sense of harmony. You are organized, and you know where things are when you need them. Solve problems step by step instead of going in circles. Order around you creates order inside you. It gives you peace of mind..
条理性就是整洁,生活在和谐中。你井然有序,当你需要一件东西的时候,你知道在哪里找到它。你一步一个脚印地解决问题,而不是乱兜圈子。你外在的秩序建立你内在的秩序。条理性能够让你心绪平静……

37Patience 耐心
Patience is quiet hope and trust that things will turn out right. You wait without complaining. You are tolerant and accepting of difficulties and mistakes. You picture the end in the beginning and persevere to meet your goals. Patience is a commitment to the future..
耐心是一种安静的希望和信任,相信事情最终将会有好的结果。你不抱怨地等待。你宽容地接受困难及失误。你在开始时就预见出结果,并坚持不懈地去实现你的目标。耐心是对未来的承诺……

38Peacefulness 安宁平和
Peacefulness is being calm inside. Take time for daily reflection and gratitude. Solve conflicts so everyone wins. Be a peacemaker. Peace is giving up the love of power for the power of love. Peace in the world begins with peace in your heart..
安宁平和就是内心的平静。每天花一点时间反思和感激。用多赢的方式解决矛盾。做一个和平的调停人。安宁平和就是为了爱的力量而放弃对权势的热爱。世界的和平来自于我们内心的平和……

39Perseverance 毅力
Perseverance is being steadfast and persistent. You commit to your goals and overcome obstacles, no matter how long it takes. When you persevere, you don""""t give up, you keep going. Like a strong ship in a storm, you don""""t become battered or blown off course, you just ride the waves..
毅力就是坚定和坚持。你全身心地投入到实现目标中,你克服阻力和困难,坚持不懈,持之以恒,直到胜利。当你坚持的时候, 你不放弃,你要继续前行。像在暴风雨中一艘顽强的船,你不会被巨浪击翻或者偏离了航向,你会乘风破浪,勇往直前……

40Purposefulness 目的性
Being purposeful is having a clear focus. Begin with a vision for what you want to accomplish, and concentrate on your goals. Do one thing at a time, without scattering your energies. Some people let things happen, when you are purposeful, you make things happen..
具有目的性就是具有清晰的目标和专注点,一开始就知道自己想要完成什么,并且专注于自己的目标。每次只做一件事情,而不是分散自己的精力。有些人随波逐流,任由事情自然发生,但如果你是一个具有目的性意志坚强的人,你会主动地让事情发生……

41Reliability 可靠性
Reliability means that others can depend on you. You keep your commitments and give your best to every job. You are responsible. You don""""t forget, and you don""""t need to be reminded. Other people can relax knowing things are in your reliable hands..
可靠性就是别人可以信赖你。你信守承诺承担责任,并尽力做好每一件事。你是负责任的人。你不会忘记,也不需要别人来提醒。当人们知道事情掌握在你这个可信赖的人的手中时,他们就可以轻松放心了……

42Respect 尊重
We show respect by speaking and acting with courtesy. We treat others with dignity and honor the rules of our family, school and nation. Respect yourself, and others will respect you..
我们通过有礼貌的说话和行动来表达我们对他人的尊重。我们尊重别人的尊严,我们尊重家庭、学校和国家的规则。你也要尊重你自己,别人也会因此而尊重你……

43Responsibility 责任感
Being responsible means others can trust you to do things with excellence. You accept accountability for your actions. When you make a mistake, you offer amends instead of excuses. Responsibility is the ability to respond ably and to make smart choices..
具有责任感就意味着别人可以相信你会用优秀的标准去做事。你为自己的行为负责。当你犯错的时候,你会尽力弥补而不是找借口推托。责任感就是做出明智反应和选择的能力……

44Self-discipline 自律
Self-discipline means self-control. It is doing what you really want to do, rather than being tossed around by your feelings like a leaf in the wind. You act instead of react. You get things done in an orderly and efficient way. With self-discipline, you take charge of yourself..
自律就是自我控制,自我约束。就是做你真正想做的事,而不是被你的感觉和情绪所左右,像风中的一片叶子那样被吹来吹去。你行动而不是反应。你用有序而高效的方式来完成任务。有了自律的能力,你能够驾驭你自己……

45Obedience 服从
Following what we know is right. Compliance with the law. Abiding by our deepest integrity and conquering our misplaced passions..
服从就是遵循我们所知为正确的人和事。服从法律。遵守我们内心的正直,克服我们错位的激情……

46Service 服务
Service is giving to others, making a difference in their lives. You consider their needs as important as your own. Be 凤凰彩票 helpful without waiting to be asked. Do every job with excellence. When you act with a spirit of service, you can change the world..
服务就是付出给他人,改善他人的生活。你认为别人的需要和你自己的一样重要。帮助别人而不必等到别人来求你。用优秀的标准作每一件事。当你用服务的精神来做事,你就可以改变世界……

47Tact 机智
Tact is telling the truth kindly, considerate of how your words affect others"""" feelings. Think before you speak, knowing what is better left unsaid. When you are tactful, others find it easier to hear what you have to say. Tact builds bridges..
机智就是用善良的方式说出真相,考虑你的言语会如何影响到别人的感受。说话前先思考一下,了解什么最好不要说。当你机智的时候,别人会感到更容易倾听你不得不说的话。机智能够建立起沟通的桥梁……

48Thankfulness 感激
Thankfulness is being grateful for what we have. It is an attitude of gratitude for learning, loving and being. Appreciate the little things that happen around you and within you every day. Think positively. Thankfulness brings 凤凰彩票 contentment..
感激就是感恩我们所拥有的。是一种对我们所学、所爱、所是的感激心情。感谢在我们身边和内心所发生的点点滴滴。正面积极地去思考。感激带来内心的满足……

49Tolerance 宽容
Being tolerant is accepting differences. You don""""t expect others to think, look, speak or act just like you. You are free of prejudice, knowing that all people have feelings, needs, hopes and dreams. Tolerance is also accepting things you wish were different with patience and flexibility..
宽容就是接受不同。你不期待别人的思考方式、看待问题的态度、说话的方式、或行动的方法都要和你正好一样。你不存偏见,知道每个人都有感情、需要、希望和梦想。宽容也指能够用耐心和弹性的方式接受你曾希望有不同结果的事物……

50Reverence 敬畏
An awareness of the sacredness of life. Living with wonder and faith. Having a routine of reflection..
敬畏之心就是意识到生命的神圣。怀着信仰和惊奇生活。具有反省的习惯……

51Trust 信任
Trust is having faith in someone or something. It is a positive attitude about life. You are confident that the right thing will happen without trying to control it or make it happen. Even when difficult things happen, trust helps us to find the gift or lesson in it..
信任就是相信某些人或事。是对生活的积极态度。你有信心事情会向好的方向发展,而不必去试图控制它或强迫它发生。就算是困难出现,信任也可以帮助我们从中学习到经验,找到有利的方面并加以利用……

52Trustworthiness 值得信任
Trustworthiness is being worthy of trust. People can count on you to do your best, to keep your word and to follow through on your commitments. You do what you say you will do. Trustworthiness is a key to success in anything you do..
值得信任就是不辜负别人对你的信任。人们可以指望你会全力以赴地把事情办好,会信守承诺,承担义务。你做自己说要做的事。在任何你做的事情中,值得信任是你获得成功的关键……

53Truthfulness 真诚
Truthfulness is being honest in your words and actions. You don""""t tell lies even to defend yourself. Don""""t listen to gossip or prejudice. See the truth for yourself. Don""""t try to be more than you are to impress others. Be yourself, your true self..
真诚就是说话做事都很诚实。就算你在防卫保护自己的时候,你也不会说谎话。不听从谣言和偏见。用你自己的头脑辨别真相。不要为了给别人好的印象而假装。你就是你自己,做真正的自己……

54Understanding 理解
Understanding is using your mind to think clearly, paying careful attention to see the meaning of things. An understanding mind gives you insights and wonderful ideas. An understanding heart gives you empathy and compassion for others. Understanding is the power to think and learn and also to care..
理解是指用你的头脑清晰地思考,全身心投入地去看清事物的意义。一个有理解力的头脑会带给你洞察力,使你想出极好的主意。一个有理解力的内心使得你对别人的感情能产生共鸣和同情感。理解是思考、学习和关心的动力……

55Unity 团结
Unity helps us work and live together peacefully. We feel connected with each other and all living things. We value the specialness of each person as a gift, not as a reason to fight or be scared. With unity we accomplish more together than any of one of us could alone..
团结让我们和平地在一起工作和生活。我们对相互彼此和所有有生命的事物都感到是有联系的。我们会珍视每一个人的不同特点,这并不是因为我们要和他们去争斗,或者害怕他们。团结就是力量,团结可以使我们共同完成更多的我们单独所不可能完成的事物……

End 结束语
Virtues are the very meaning and purpose of our lives, the content of our character and the truest expression of our souls. Virtue means power, strength, inner quality. They grow stronger whenever we use them.
美德是我们生命的意义和目的,是我们个性的内容,是我们灵魂最真实的表达。美德意味着力量,是我们内在的品质。美德在我们每一次的实践当中都能得到增强。